Haglund K. Withholding information on contraception to induce adolescents to be abstinent is inherently coercive and ineffective, as documented above. All outcomes were assessed through written self report questionnaires sometimes administered by telephone in four trials w8 without confirmation from medical records or biological assessments, making results vulnerable to recall and self report biases.
What this study adds Abstinence only programmes do not seem to affect HIV risk in high income countries compared with usual care, no treatment, non-enhanced programme versions, a safer sex programme, and an abstinence plus programme Despite an international search for published and unpublished trials, generalisability may be limited to US youths.
Using behavioral theories to design abstinence programs. As with previous reviews, our analysis is based on findings of trials that enrolled US youths, despite a systematic search for abstinence only sex education and hiv in Wodonga rigorous evaluations of abstinence only programmes from all high income countries.
Data extraction and assessment of trial quality Using standard forms, two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed trials for methodological quality. Pedlow C, Carey M. This is a version of a Cochrane review; a more detailed report will be published and updated in the Cochrane Library.
J Adolesc Health ; 34 There were significant, positive correlations between HIV incidence rates of year olds, HIV rates abstinence only sex education and hiv in Wodonga year olds, teen pregnancy rates, and AOSE level, with the proportion of the population that lives below the federal poverty level, and whether they attended schools that had a greater than 50 percent of an African American population.
Abstinence-based abstinence only sex education and hiv in Wodonga for prevention of adolescent pregnancies. Abstinence education teaches children and adolescents to abstain from sexual activity, and that this is the only certain method of avoiding pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections STIs.
Stephenson J, Imrie J. Same as intervention, without newsletters; no treatment. The second possibility seems likely, given the sensitivity of our search and previous reviews suggesting that abstinence based approaches are rare outside the United States.
After the promise: the STD consequences of adolescent virginity pledges. Public support for abstinence and comprehensive sexuality education Broad public support exists for comprehensive sexuality education, with abstinence as a key component of that education.
At post-test, intervention group more likely to be older and to live in house rather than apartment. Although our search for unpublished literature extended to April we could not include trials indexed electronically after February Limitations of the review Our review process had several limitations.
New York, NY: Routledge. In Kirby, w6 means for frequency of sex and number of partners are listed for intervention group and then control group; P values reported with these means are from two tailed t tests on basis of change scores.