These writings had an antagonistic bias towards gnostic teachings, and were incomplete. Customers who viewed this item also viewed. Contemporary scholarship largely agrees that Gnosticism has Jewish Christian origins, originating in the late first century AD in nonrabbinical Jewish sects and early Christian sects.
The gnostic demiurge bears resemblance to figures in Plato's Timaeus and Republic. Buddhist modernism New religious movement Secular spirituality " Spiritual but not religious " Syncretism. Charlesworth ed. Mohr Siebeck.
Journal of Higher Criticism. This definition has now been abandoned. The Pauliciansan Adoptionist group which flourished between and in Armenia and the Eastern Themes of the Byzantine Empirewere accused by orthodox medieval sources of being Gnostic and quasi Manichaean Christian.
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The Johannine Gospel in Gnostic Exegesis. Valentinian Gnosticism may have been monistic rather than dualistic. Her book is continuously rewarding and illuminating.